Melaleuca quinquenervia, Research Updates|

Forty compounds have been characterized by GC and GC/MS and relative retention times in 300 samples of Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia) oils collected on 75 different trees during four seasons. Twenty-one compounds were submitted to multivariate statistical analyses using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Factorial Discriminant Analysis (FDA) revealed the presence of three chemotypes. Chemotype I is already known (1,8-cineole; 50%), chemo-type II had an equal content in 1,8-cineole (33%) and viridiflorol (32%). The third (chemotype III) was characterized by a high content in viridiflorol (50%). The 1,8-cineole chemotype represented 58% of three populations. Seasonal differentiation does not occur, showing that Niaouli oil composition is stable all year.

Reference: Gbenou, J.D.; Moudachirou, M; Chalchat, J. C; Figuérédo, G (2007). “Chemotypes in Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake (Niaouli) from Benin using multivariate statistical analysis of their essential oils.” Journal of Essential Oil Research Volume 19 Issue 2 pp.101-110

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